Therion International

DNA Profile Analysis for Canines


  • Sire Verification
  • Registry
  • Individual Identity
  • Breed Differentiation
  • Identification of DNA Markers Linked to Performance Traits and Genetic Disorders

Canine Identification

The ability to address questions of identity in canines is now dramatically enhanced. The DNA profile test offered by the Therion International is more powerful than conventional blood protein analysis because it detects DNA-sequence information which is highly variable. This technology provides a sensitive method for sire/dam verification and individual identification. It can also be used to screen for markers linked to performance traits and genetic disorders.

Following are descriptions of two of the many canine genetics projects which have been conducted by Therion.

Sire Verification

Greyhound PhotoParental/Offspring DNA Profile AutoradA greyhound bitch was believed to have been inseminated by two males. To verify sire identity, DNA profiles were produced from the Dam, her pups, and the male to which she had been purposely bred. The DNA probe used was OPT™-05 and a portion of the autoradiograph is shown below.

Note that a genetic marker (indicated at right) found in the DNA profile of Pup 1 appeared neither in the Dam's profile nor in that of the alleged sire. This confirmed that the female had been inseminated by a second male and excluded the preferred male as sire of the pup. Other genetic markers and additional DNA probe assays corroborated this conclusion.

Breed Differentiation

Vizsla PhotoA genetic marker that differentiates between vizslas and pointers was identified (indicated below) using the DNA probe OPT™-03. Note that a "triplet" banding pattern appears in all four vizslas (V1-V4). Only a "doublet" pattern appears in the pointers (P1-P4); the top band is missing. By using other DNA probes, we have identified two additional breed-specific markers that can be used to distinguish these breeds.

Vizsla DNA Profile Pointer DNA Profile

Download the Adobe Acrobat version of this page (canine.pdf).

Therion International, LLC
109 Caroline Street - Saratoga Springs, New York 12866
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