DNA Testing for Fish & Wildlife Conservation, Forensics and Management
- Forensic Sample Matching
- Species / Subspecies Differentiation
- Stock Identification
- Parentage Verification
- Individual Identification
- Estimation of Genetic Variation Within Populations
- Estimation of Genetic Distance Among Populations
The DNA testing services offered by Therion International, LLC can be a valuable tool for Fish and Wildlife Agencies. Data on the genetic parameters within or genetic identity of populations/species are essential when designing programs for the conservation and management of fish and wildlife species. In addition, DNA-based evidence such as DNA profile sample matching or parentage verification is often a critical factor effecting the outcome of forensics cases concerned with illegal hunting activities, animal/meat trafficking and/or lost or stolen animals. Therion offers a full range of DNA-based testing services including DNA profile testing, DNA amplification and DNA sequencing. During the past two decades our laboratory staff has successfully analyzed samples from well over 400 species/strains of animals. Depicted on this fact sheet are examples of results produced from several studies relating to wildlife forensics, population genetics and stock identification.
Wildlife Forensics (Sample Matching)
Genetic Variation Within/Among Populations
|In cooperation with several bald eagle ecology and recovery programs, a bald eagle genetic database was compiled to estimate levels of genetic variation within and among populations. Well over 300 samples were submitted by field scientists studying resident populations throughout North America. DNA profiles were prepared using restriction enzyme Hae III and Therion’s multi-locus probes OPT™-03, OPT-04 and OPT-05.
The figure at right depicts the DNA profiles of two siblings (P1S1, P1S2), another bald eagle from the same population (P1) and a single individual from a different population (P2). The lane labelled MWSS contains molecular weight sizing standards. Note the varying degrees of similarities among the banding patterns. Therion used proprietary computer softwares to calculate band-sharing coefficients and estimate heterozygosity and genetic distance from these data.
|A study was conducted to identify genetic markers that could differentiate among individuals representing two populations of striped bass. The figure to the left shows the DNA profiles of 11 striped bass generated with probe/enzyme combination OPT™-05/Hae III. All individuals from Population 1 display bands in the region above 6.6 kb. None of the individuals from Population 2 have bands in this area, thus the two populations can be genetically distinguished by the presence or absence of bands in the region above 6.6 kb.
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